Toolbox Balk

Ah, the dreaded toolbox talk. Its goal is to inform work crews of safety related issues or events pertaining to the job site. More importantly, it is designed to start the employees’ day with a focus on safety. Occasionally, it only seems to succeed in causing anxiety and heartburn for field safety and site supervision. The common complaint is that, when performed daily, toolbox talks can become stale. During my last field safety role, I (like so many others) had to present a prepared toolbox talk six days a week. About three weeks in, I felt myself slipping into that mindset of, “my topics are getting stale”, “the guys don’t want to hear me drone on every morning” and “there just isn’t enough safety topics to keep things fresh”. Even to the seasoned safety veteran, it can be a daunting task. Fear not fellow Safety Nerds… I am here to put you back on the path.

“My Topics Are Getting Stale” – No they aren’t. Topics generally don’t change and they don’t get stale. They don’t begin interesting then grow boring. What gets stale is the delivery. HOW are we delivering the information? So we’ve figured out that it’s not the topic that is boring, it’s me. Great, thanks for the ego boost… So how do I spice it up?

  1. Retain your passion. Remember why you do what you do. Your goal is to keep employees safe. Get excited and stay excited. Your excitement will affect your employees.
  2. Find new things to discuss. There is a wealth of information on the internet ( is a great one) as well as all around you (There’s that Safety Nerd site I’ve been hearing great things about as well). Try to discuss topics that don’t get discussed quite as often. For example, reminding employees about safety on the way to and from work is equally as important to them as on the job safety. Talk to other contractors or crafts. See what they are discussing. Share your knowledge with them. There is a world of topics out there that are as relevant as you make them. Expand your horizons.
  3. Keep your poker face. Sometimes we have to discuss topics that we as safety professionals might not find interesting. That cannot show. If you present a topic peppered with eye rolls and heavy sighs, the employees will mirror you. Deliver every safety topic with the same level of interest and enthusiasm. It’s all or nothing.

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“The Guys Don’t Want to Hear Me Drone On Every Morning” – You’re right, they don’t. No one wants to hear anyone drone on about anything. “Droning on” is usually the result of three things; a lack of enthusiasm, a lack of knowledge or a lack of confidence. Sometimes one of the three can cause the other two. It falls back on the presenter, not the information being presented.

  1. Know what you are discussing. I’m not suggesting you need to get a doctorate in every subject you discuss or that you shouldn’t talk about things of which you may not be a subject matter expert. I am saying, do your homework. If you are opting to discuss a subject that might be a little unfamiliar, read up a few nights prior. Knowledge builds confidence and confidence commands attention.
  2. Put it on them. There is no rule that states you must be the one to talk for the entire briefing. Spread the wealth. Ask the crew each day what they did the previous day to stay safe. Have an incident or a near miss? If the involved employee is willing, have them discuss it with the group. Interaction and participation is one of the best ways to keep people involved and interested.

“There Just Isn’t Enough Safety Topics To Keep Things Fresh” – During my time as a Project Safety Coordinator on a large rebuild project, I would find myself running out of presentation topics but hesitant to re-use a topic that I had gone over as little as three months prior. What I didn’t realize in my struggle to keep things fresh, was that the project had so much turn over in three months that there were a large number of personnel that had not heard my safety briefings the first time around. I wouldn’t recommend discussing the same five topics every week but there is large value to the employees in repetition. Space is out but definitely cover it more than once. As far as topics go, if you need new material, get out there and find it!

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Hopefully I’ve provided a little bit of ammunition for you front line safety soldiers out there. As always, if you’d like to discuss any of what was covered further or have questions, let me know in the comments. And don’t forget to subscribe, like and share if you haven’t already!

Be safe out there.



Diving In (or… How to Manage Fear)

“Courage is the resistance of fear, the mastery of fear. Not the absence of fear.” – Mark Twain

This is, hands down, one of my favorite topics. I was able to delve into it once again during my last team meeting, when we discussed the importance of public speaking as it relates to the safety profession. Just the mention of public speaking was enough to invoke grumbles and grimaces. I had given a homework assignment to each member of the team to create and present a short, 10 minute presentation on a safety topic of their choice. The presentation would be critiqued by the team. They had a few weeks to prepare and it was now show time. They were visibly shaken and probably would have taken any excuse not to present their topic. Sensing their discomfort, I took the opportunity to share the following story.

Years ago I live in the very awesome town of San Marcos, Texas. Home to Texas State University and just a few miles south of Austin / north of San Antonio. In San Marcos resides Aquarena Springs, a natural spring that feeds the San Marcos River. At the spot where the spring water flows out to form the river is a small waterfall known to locals as the spillway. One of the unique things about the spillway is that, due to being so close to the spring, the water maintains a constant temperature year round. It was always a sight in the winter to see steam rising from spillway. Being in central Texas, we always got more out of the spillway during summertime. When temperatures reach over a hundred degrees, that water felt ice cold. It became an almost daily event for Ben (my brother from another mother) and me to meet up at the spillway for at least a quick dip if not a leisurely swim at the close of the work day. There were two ways to enter the spillway. One could get a running start at the top of the slight hill and dive (or jump) off of the retaining wall into the 8 or so feet deep crystal clear water. For the not so adventurous, there was a spot where you could slowly wade into a shallow cove, then work your way to the deeper pool. Ben was raised in and around San Marcos so he was used to the cold water. He always chose option one. He would run, head long down the hill and let out an excited whoop just before his head broke the surface of the frigid water. Yours truly was not so bold. I opted for choice number two and slowly waded in, much to Ben’s disapproval, which he was not shy about voicing. What ended up happening every time, was by the time I had reached a point of comfort, Ben was ready to get out of the water and head home. After one particularly long work day, I had decided that I would take the plunge from the retaining wall. As Ben and I arrived, and he took off running, I slowly walked to the wall. Toes on the edge, I stood there like Clark Griswold ready to dive in the pool after Christie Brinkley (this is crazy, this is crazy, this is crazy). I stood there looking at the water, wanting to already be in it but unable to make the leap. Suddenly, something clicked. I realized that while jumping into the water was initially going to be uncomfortable, a few seconds of discomfort would quickly give way to a half our or more of relaxing in some of the clearest, cleanest water I’ve ever seen in nature. I could take the long way in but by doing so I was extending the discomfort and lessening the reward. That made no sense to me.  I took a deep breath and dove, head first, into the ice cold water… as I did every time after that.


I know… it’s not exactly the same as jumping out of an airplane but the basic principle is the same. If you want to get it done, you have to just dive in. When I was an instructor with the fire department I would get asked by at least one person from every recruit class, “at what point do you stop being afraid”. Most of the time that question was asked before recruits either had to climb the tower ladder, enter a confined space in a self contained breathing apparatus with zero visibility or during live fire exercise. Arguably three of the most unsettling aspects of fire fighter training. My answer was the same every time, “never”. I climb a ladder the same way I did the first time, one rung at a time. I entered a burning building the same way every time, one foot in front of the other. I overcame my fear of confined spaces by making my world small and “bringing it into my mask”, then just moving forward. Sometimes only by inches but dammit, I moved forward. The moral of the story is… just go. Dive in. If you can do that, you’ve already overcome the hardest part.

Jocko Willink does a MUCH better job of explaining… Click the link below to watch the video!

How to Face Fear and Step Into Bravery

Report Writing 101


Let’s be honest, no one likes to write a report. It is something we all dread, starting as early as grade school. Report writing is probably one of the most hated, yet most important aspects of many different professions. In the world of health, safety and environmental, from relaying the events of a safety incident to expressing risk concerns, effective report writing is critical. Below are a few tips and training tools to simplify the report writing process for you or your team while increasing the quality of your incident reports.


A report, at its most basic function, is to inform. Ultimately the report writer is responsible for gathering the pertinent information and composing it in such a way that it can be conveyed to the reader who may or may not have any other way of getting incident related information. Depending on the incident event, this can seem like an overwhelming task. There can be many details involved and all of these details must be recorded. So how do we sort through the info and know what to send? We stick to the 5 reporting questions; WHEN, WHERE, WHO, WHAT and HOW.

  1. WHEN – When did the event occur? Provide the time and date. Also record when the incident was reported, when outside assistance was requested, when assistance arrived. Remember to put a time stamp to every step of the incident. This will make creating a time line during the formal investigation much easier.
  2. WHERE – Where did the event occur? Be as specific as possible! Remember to list items such as cross streets or floor level.
  3. WHO – Who was involved? There may be more people involved than just the person affected by the incident. Who responded? Who escorted? Who provided assistance?
  4. WHAT – What happened? This is generally known as the narrative. Be as detailed as possible. If the information is pertinent to the incident, you can never have too much. Don’t forget to include information regarding what transpired after the incident.
  5. HOW – How did the incident occur? This is not to be confused with WHY. The why will be determined during the investigation. The HOW refers to the conditions or events that led up to the incident occurring.
  • (Don’t) SHOCK AND AWE

Early on in my Health, Safety & Environmental career I received a preliminary incident notification from a field safety representative written with these exact words, “Employee had finger crushed when smashed between two pipes”. That was it. Re-read that sentence then try to imagine the scenario based on the information given. It is still amazing to me how such a short and under detailed statement can conjure such vivid mental images. I envisioned parts missing, surgery, lost time, etc. After racing to the scene of the injury, it was found that the employee had sustained a quarter-inch abrasion on his little finger when he brushed against a two-inch pipe. As I mentioned earlier, it is important to remember when filling out an incident report or notification that the person receiving it may not have access to information other than what you are sending. Do not use “shock” words like SMASH and CRUSH. Get familiar with and start using non-startling words. Try replacing words like smashed with contacted. Instead of crushed, try caught between.


Talking in third person probably won’t help you on a first date but it can be a report writer’s best friend. When constructing your narrative always use the name and function / role of personnel involved. Be sure to refrain from using words like; him, they, we, I, hers, etc. as those terms may become confusing as more players are introduced into the report. Instead use terms like; Employee Jones, Truck Driver Smith, Supervisor West, Employee Jones’ Equipment, Etc.


Don’t speculate… ever. You may have an opinion of what caused the inci
dent and you are entitled to it but keep it to yourself. Opinion, speculation and guess-work have no place in a professionally written incident report. Like Joe Friday used to say, “just the facts, Ma’am”. I think I just dated myself with that Dragnet reference.Image result for joe friday


Like I mentioned earlier, there may be volumes worth of information to report. You are human and you will forget things. That’s okay! Reports are made to be amended. Stick to the basics and you will be alright. Depending on the severity of the incident, the report may be continuously evolving. New information may come to light through interviews and investigations that may even contradict earlier reported information. That’s okay as well.  Once the information is on the report and the report has been transmitted, leave it alone. If you need to add to it or revise previously reported information, add a new line at the bottom of the narrative and be sure to include the date you are making the additions or revisions. This prevents different “versions” of the report being transmitted to various recipients.


As with anything in life, practice makes perfect. The more reports you write,  the easier the process becomes. It is my humble opinion that scenario based training is some of the best you can get. Below is a training exercise I have tested with my team and have gotten excellent results. I’ll provide them with a scenario… or if you want to make it challenging, provide a picture.

Front end of vehicle 1 contacted rear end of vehicle 2. Weather conditions were sunny and road appears to be dry.

Have your team members write an incident notification or “First Report” based on what they see. Then move into the fact-finding and incident report writing. Allow them to ask questions to help clarify the scenario but speculation must be discouraged. Start simple and you can build the story from there, directing the narrative you hope to achieve from your team members. Once completed either review as a group or have your team members critique each others reports. If choosing the latter approach, make sure the critiques are kept supportive. We want to encourage growth and improvement, not bruise egos. Training can be done as a group or as a “homework” assignment. Be sure that when you are training, use whatever platform your company uses for an actual incident report. Like the header says, “train like you fight and you will fight like you train”.

For more information, feel free to contact me. Always remember, credibility as a professional is key and when it comes to the world of safety, quality reporting can make or break you.

What is a “Safety Nerd”?

Odd name for a website, I know. It was my wife who came up with it. I don’t mean she named my blog directly, I mean she calls me a safety nerd. So… what is a safety nerd? Does that mean I walk around with a bicycle helmet and bubble wrap pants? No, of course not. Not in public anyway.

A long time ago, I was the guy you would see in your neighborhood using a weed eater while wearing shorts and flip-flops. No eye protection, hearing protection or any other kind of protection, for that matter. One particular Saturday afternoon, as I zipped along ensuring the edges of my yard were uniform, a piece of debris flew up at lightening speed and struck my cheek just below my left eye. I let go of the trigger to stop the cords from whirring, not wanting to open up my shins like a pine sapling (I at least had SOME sense). I stood there for a second, reflecting how close the debris had come to hitting me in the eye… before exclaiming to no one in particular, “wow, that was close”, and immediately resumed my chore without any more thought. Well, that is until years later I was scouring the internet for safety related pictures and came across a wonderful shot of a man that had run over his foot with a lawnmower while wearing sandals. My reaction upon seeing such carnage was, “what kind of a moron would mow his lawn in sandals… oh wait”. It made me realize how far I had come. I had since become initiated in the world of safety and now knew better. This brings up a topic I share with my team nearly every meeting, common sense isn’t always common. That’s a topic for another discussion though.

A few years ago, as I was beginning to hit my stride in my safety career, my boys were preparing to do some target practice with their new plastic pellet rifles. As they set up their targets and prepared to don their protective eye wear, the younger of the two exercised his “Stop Play” authority. As my Wife and I watched, the (at that time) nine year old proceeded to explain, quite animatedly, to his older brother that he could not use the eye wear he had chosen because they were not safety glasses. As the elder rolled his eyes, the younger looked in my direction, eagerly seeking vindication. Curious to see how the scenario would play out I asked him why he felt his older brother’s choice of eye-wear was not task appropriate. “Because they don’t have the stamp on the side”, was his response. Now, he didn’t know what the stamp meant exactly but he knew it had to be there for the glasses to be safety rated. I nodded my approval as he shot his older brother a triumphant look. The elder sighed in defeat and headed to the garage to seek a more appropriate level of eye protection. My wife looked over and could easily read the pure joy and pride I felt. “You’re such a safety nerd”, she said, affectionately.

A safety nerd indeed. It’s a term I embraced quickly (as safety is not the only area to which my “nerd-ness” applies) and even use with pride. So why did I decide to  use it for the name of my site? Because I feel like it best represents my enthusiasm for the profession. I believe that enthusiasm is contagious (see story of son with safety glasses) and with enough of us out there, we can make the work place, home place and play place continually safer… and maybe have some fun along the way. So there it is. Enjoy!